Lexicon Pharmaceuticals announced that the Phase 2 dose-ranging, inTandem4 clinical trial of dual SGLT1 and SGLT2 inhibitor sotagliflozin met its primary endpoint, showing a statistically significant reduction in A1C at 12 weeks in patients with type 1 diabetes.
“The inTandem4 Phase 2 dose-ranging study represents the first of three clinical trials of sotagliflozin that we expect to read out in this quarter, including the top-line results from our second pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial,” said Pablo Lapuerta, M.D., Lexicon’s executive vice president and chief medical officer. “We continue to be very encouraged about the potential benefits that sotagliflozin may bring to people with type 1 diabetes, especially given that we saw significant glycemic control benefits coupled with favorable results on important safety parameters in this trial. In addition, this study provided the first demonstration in the setting of type 1 diabetes of some of the important characteristics of sotagliflozin’s differentiated dual SGLT1 and SGLT2 mechanism of action.”
The purposes of the Phase 2 inTandem4 study were to confirm the appropriateness of the doses selected for Lexicon’s ongoing Phase 3 program in type 1 diabetes and to evaluate secondary endpoints relating to sotagliflozin’s dual mechanism of action involving inhibition of SGLT1 in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and SGLT2 in the kidney. Both Phase 3 doses of sotagliflozin, 200 mg and 400 mg once-daily, demonstrated statistically significant (p<0.001 and p=0.006, respectively) and clinically meaningful reductions in A1C relative to placebo. Patients treated with sotagliflozin had mean A1C reductions from baseline of 0.60 percent, 0.84 percent, and 0.73 percent on the 75 mg, 200 mg and 400 mg doses, respectively, after 12 weeks of treatment, as compared to a reduction of 0.35 percent on placebo. In addition, sotagliflozin demonstrated results on several measures consistent with its dual mechanism of action:
- Post-Prandial Glucose. Consistent with the expected effects of inhibiting SGLT1 in the GI tract, patients treated with sotagliflozin achieved dose-related reductions in post-prandial glucose (PPG) following a standardized meal. Patients treated with sotagliflozin had mean two-hour PPG reductions from baseline to week 12 of the study of 20.51 mg/dL, 27.60 mg/dL and 49.67 mg/dL on the 75 mg, 200 mg and 400 mg doses, respectively, as compared to a reduction of 0.21 mg/dL on placebo.
- Urinary Glucose Excretion. Consistent with the expected effects of inhibiting SGLT2 in the kidney moderated by the impact of GI tract inhibition of SGLT1 on post-prandial blood glucose levels, sotagliflozin produced relatively modest, dose-dependent 24-hour urinary glucose excretion (UGE). Patients treated with sotagliflozin had mean 24-hour UGE increases from baseline to week 12 of the study of 42.02 g, 57.99 g and 70.71 g on the 75 mg, 200 mg and 400 mg doses, respectively, as compared to an increase of 0.26 mg on placebo.
- Body Weight. Mean baseline body weight for patients at the time of randomization ranged from 79.97 kg to 91.92 kg across the four arms of the study. Patients treated with sotagliflozin achieved dose dependent reductions in body weight after 12 weeks of treatment, while patients on placebo gained weight. Patients in the 75 mg, 200 mg and 400 mg dose arms achieved mean weight loss of 0.16 kg, 1.24 kg and 1.48 kg, respectively, as compared to a mean gain of 1.13 kg for patients in the placebo arm.
- Blood Pressure. Overall, patients treated with sotagliflozin achieved dose-dependent reductions from baseline to week 12 in systolic blood pressure ranging from 1.5 mmHg for the 75 mg dose to 4.4 mmHg in the 400 mg dose. Notably, in the subset of patients with hypertension at baseline (baseline systolic blood pressure equal to or greater than 130 mmHg), patients in the 400 mg dose arm experienced a placebo-adjusted reduction of 14.3 mmHg in systolic blood pressure. This result was consistent with results seen in a post-hoc analysis of data from Lexicon’s Phase 2b study of sotagliflozin in type 2 diabetes, and supports further exploration of the potential effects on blood pressure of inhibition of SGLT1 in the GI tract.
Sotagliflozin was generally well tolerated in the study. Across all four dose arms (placebo, 75 mg, 200 mg, 400 mg), the proportions of patients with treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) during the 12-week treatment period were 50.0 percent, 48.6 percent, 28.6 percent and 34.3 percent, respectively; the incidence of serious AEs (SAEs) were 2.8 percent, 2.9 percent, 2.9 percent and 2.9 percent, respectively; and discontinuation due to AEs were 2.8 percent, 2.9 percent, 0.0 percent and 0.0 percent, respectively. There were no reported deaths in the study. There were three events of severe hypoglycemia during the 12-week treatment period (one each in the 75 mg, 200 mg and 400 mg dose arms), and one event of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) during the 12-week treatment period (for a patient on the 400 mg dose) compared to two separate events of DKA in one patient during the pre-randomization, placebo run-in period of the study.
Filed Under: Drug Discovery