The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today new findings from the Phase 3 SPARTAN clinical trial that showed treatment with ERLEADA™, an investigational, next-generation androgen receptor inhibitor, decreased risk of metastasis or death by 72 percent and improved median metastasis-free survival (MFS) by more than two years (difference of 24.3 months) in patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) whose prostate specific antigen (PSA) is rapidly rising, compared to placebo. The results were presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (ASCO GU) in San Francisco (Abstract #161) and were simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine.
“While there have been advances in the treatment of prostate cancer over the years, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is still a lethal disease. These compelling results are the first to show that metastases can be delayed in these patients,” said Eric Small, M.D. FASCO, Professor of Medicine, and Chief of the Division of Hematology and Oncology at the University of California, San Francisco, and lead SPARTAN study investigator. “These data suggest that apalutamide could potentially be a new standard of care for patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.”
SPARTAN, a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study, enrolled 1,207 patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and was conducted at 332 sites in 26 countries in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Australia. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive ERLEADA™ in combination with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) (n=806), or placebo in combination with ADT (n=401).
ERLEADA™ in combination with ADT decreased the risk of metastasis or death by 72 percent compared to placebo in combination with ADT (HR = 0.28; 95% CI, 0.23-0.35; P<0.0001). The median MFS was 40.5 months for ERLEADA™ in combination with ADT compared to 16.2 months for placebo in combination with ADT, prolonging MFS by more than two years. MFS benefit was consistently seen across all subgroups of patients.
“Delaying the metastasis of prostate cancer is critical. Once the cancer starts to spread, the patient’s overall health, well-being and prognosis change drastically,” said Peter Lebowitz, M.D., Ph.D., Global Therapeutic Area Head of Oncology at Janssen Research & Development, LLC. “The ERLEADA data presented at ASCO GU demonstrate the important impact this medicine can have for patients with prostate cancer. Janssen is committed to addressing unmet needs for treatment across all stages of disease progression with novel combinations and novel therapeutics.”
In addition to improving metastasis free survival, ERLEADA in combination with ADT, compared to placebo in combination with ADT, demonstrated clinical improvement across secondary endpoints, with statistically significant improvements in time to metastasis (TTM; median of 40.5 months in the ERLEADA arm compared to median of 16.6 months in the placebo arm) and progression-free survival (PFS; median of 40.5 months in the ERLEADA arm compared to median of 14.7 months in the placebo arm). Treatment with ERLEADA decreased the risk of symptomatic progression by 55 percent compared with placebo (HR=0.45; 95% CI, 0.32-0.63; P<0.0001). ERLEADA was associated with a 30 percent risk reduction of death compared to placebo at this early interim analysis for overall survival (OS). In exploratory endpoints,ERLEADA in combination with ADT, compared to placebo in combination with ADT, also achieved a 94 percent risk reduction in time to PSA progression (HR = 0.06; 95% CI, 0.05-0.08; P<0.0001), and a 51 percent risk reduction in second progression-free survival (PFS2). The combination of ERLEADA and ADT was tolerable, with maintenance of overall health-related quality of life.
The most common Grade 3/4 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) for ERLEADA in combination with ADT versus placebo in combination with ADT were rash (5.2 percent vs. 0.3 percent), fall (1.7 percent vs. 0.8 percent) and fracture (2.7 percent vs. 0.8 percent). Treatment discontinuation due to adverse events were 11 percent in the ERLEADA arm compared to 7 percent in the placebo arm. Rates of serious adverse events (SAEs) were similar in the ERLEADA™ in combination with ADT arm versus placebo in combination with ADT arm (25 percent vs. 23 percent, respectively).
Filed Under: Drug Discovery